Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.22/7347
Título: From Mind to Body: Is Mental Practice Effective on Strength Gains? A Meta-Analysis
Autor: Manochio, João Paulo
Lattari, Eduardo
Portugal, Eduardo Matta Mello
Monteiro-Junior, Renato Sobral
Paes, Flávia
Budde, Henning
Tarso Veras Farinatti, Paulo de
Arias-Carrión, Oscar
Wegner, Mirko
Carta, Mauro Giovanni
Mura, Gioia
Rocha, Nuno Barbosa
Almada, Leonardo Ferreira
Nardi, Antonio Egidio
Yuan, Ti-Fei
Machado, Sergio
Palavras-chave: Mental practice
imagery
motor imagery
muscle strength
resistance training
strength
strength training
Data: 2015
Editora: Bentham Science Publishers
Resumo: Mental practice is an internal reproduction of a motor act (whose intention is to promote learning and improving motor skills). Some studies have shown that other cognitive strategies also increase the strength and muscular resistance in healthy people by the enhancement of the performance during dynamic tasks. Mental training sessions may be primordial to improving muscle strength in different subjects. The aim of this study was to systematically review and meta-analiyze studies that assessed whether mental practice is effective in improving muscular strength. We conducted an electronic-computed search in Pub-Med/Medline and ISI Web of Knowledge, Scielo and manual searchs, searching papers written in English between 1991 and 2014. There were 44 studies in Pub-Med/Medline, 631 in ISI Web of Knowledge, 11 in Scielo and 3 in manual searchs databases. After exclusion of studies for duplicate, unrelated to the topic by title and summary, different samples and methodologies, a meta-analysis of 4 studies was carried out to identify the dose-response relationship. We did not find evidence that mental practice is effective in increasing strength in healthy individuals. There is no evidence that mental practice alone can be effective to induce strength gains or to optimize the training effects.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.22/7347
Versão do Editor: http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/ben/cnsnddt/2015/00000014/00000009/art00007
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