Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.22/7008
Título: Bipedal Locomotion: A Fractional CPG for Generating Patterns
Autor: Pinto, Carla M. A.
Machado, J. A. Tenreiro
Data: 2009
Resumo: There has been an increase interest in the study of animal locomotion. Many models for the generation of locomotion patterns of different animals, such as centipedes, millipedes, quadrupeds, hexapods, bipeds, have been proposed. The main goal is the understanding of the neural bases that are behind animal locomotion. In vertebrates, goal-directed locomotion is a complex task, involving the central pattern generators located somewhere in the spinal cord, the brainstem command systems for locomotion, the control systems for steering and control of body orientation, and the neural structures responsible for the selection of motor primitives. In this paper, we focus in the neural networks that send signals to the muscle groups in each joint, the so-called central pattern generators (CPGs). We consider a fractional version of a CPG model for locomotion in bipeds. A fractional derivative) Dα f (x), with α non-integer, is a generalization of the concept of an integer derivative, where α = 1 The integer CPG model has been proposed by Golubitsky, Stewart, Buono and Collins, and studied later by Pinto and Golubitsky. It is a four cells model, where each cell is modelled by a system of ordinary differential equations. The coupling between the cells allows two independent permutations, and, as so, the system has D2 symmetry. We consider 0 < α ≤ 1 and we compute, for each value of α, the amplitude and the period of the periodic solutions identified with two legs' patterns in bipeds. We find the amplitude and the period increase as α varies from zero up to one.
Descrição: Proceedings of the 10th Conference on Dynamical Systems Theory and Applications
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.22/7008
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