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|Título:||Solid contact PVC membrane electrodes based on neutral or charged carriers for the selective reading of anionic sulfamethoxazole and their application to the analysis of aquaculture water|
|Autor:||Almeida, Sofia A. A.|
Sá, L. C.
Conceição, M. da
Sales, M. Goreti F.
|Resumo:||Sulfamethoxazole (SMX) is among the antibiotics employed in aquaculture for prophylactic and therapeutic reasons. Environmental and food spread may be prevented by controlling its levels in several stages of fish farming. The present work proposes for this purpose new SMX selective electrodes for the potentiometric determination of this sulphonamide in water. The selective membranes were made of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) with tetraphenylporphyrin manganese (III) chloride or cyclodextrin-based acting as ionophores. 2-nitrophenyl octyl ether was employed as plasticizer and tetraoctylammonium, dimethyldioctadecylammonium bromide or potassium tetrakis (4-chlorophenyl) borate was used as anionic or cationic additive. The best analytical performance was reported for ISEs of tetraphenylporphyrin manganese (III) chloride with 50% mol of potassium tetrakis (4-chlorophenyl) borate compared to ionophore. Nersntian behaviour was observed from 4.0 × 10−5 to 1.0 × 10−2 mol/L (10.0 to 2500 µg/mL), and the limit of detection was 1.2 × 10−5 mol/L (3.0 µg/mL). In general, the electrodes displayed steady potentials in the pH range of 6 to 9. Emf equilibrium was reached before 15 s in all concentration levels. The electrodes revealed good discriminating ability in environmental samples. The analytical application to contaminated waters showed recoveries from 96 to 106%.|
|Versão do Editor:||http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03067319.2011.585717|
|Aparece nas colecções:||ISEP – BioMark – Artigos|
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|ART_SalesGoreti9_2012.pdf||627,41 kB||Adobe PDF||Ver/Abrir|
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