Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.22/6749
Título: Optimizing potentiometric ionophore and electrode design for environmental on-site control of antibiotic drugs: Application to sulfamethoxazole
Autor: Almeida, Sofia A. A.
Truta, Liliana A.A.N.A.
Queirós, Raquel B.
Montenegro, M.C.B.S.M.
Cunha, Alexandre L.
Sales, M. Goreti F.
Palavras-chave: Antibiotic contaminants
Low detection limit
Potentiometry
Solid-contact electrodes
Plastic antibodies
Data: 2012
Editora: Elsevier
Resumo: Potentiometric sensors are typically unable to carry out on-site monitoring of environmental drug contaminants because of their high limits of detection (LODs). Designing a novel ligand material for the target analyte and managing the composition of the internal reference solution have been the strategies employed here to produce for the first time a potentiometric-based direct reading method for an environmental drug contaminant. This concept has been applied to sulfamethoxazole (SMX), one of the many antibiotics used in aquaculture practices that may occur in environmental waters. The novel ligand has been produced by imprinting SMX on the surface of graphitic carbon nanostructures (CN) < 500 nm. The imprinted carbon nanostructures (ICN) were dispersed in plasticizer and entrapped in a PVC matrix that included (or not) a small amount of a lipophilic additive. The membrane composition was optimized on solid-contact electrodes, allowing near-Nernstian responses down to 5.2 μg/mL and detecting 1.6 μg/mL. The membranes offered good selectivity against most of the ionic compounds in environmental water. The best membrane cocktail was applied on the smaller end of a 1000 μL micropipette tip made of polypropylene. The tip was then filled with inner reference solution containing SMX and chlorate (as interfering compound). The corresponding concentrations were studied for 1 × 10−5 to 1 × 10−10 and 1 × 10−3 to 1 × 10−8 mol/L. The best condition allowed the detection of 5.92 ng/L (or 2.3 × 10−8 mol/L) SMX for a sub-Nernstian slope of −40.3 mV/decade from 5.0 × 10−8 to 2.4 × 10−5 mol/L.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.22/6749
DOI: 10.1016/j.bios.2012.03.007
Versão do Editor: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S095656631200173X
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