Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.22/6047
Título: Predictive Biomarkers of Bacillus Calmette-Gu´erin Immunotherapy Response in Bladder Cancer: Where AreWe Now?
Autor: Lima, Luís
Dinis-Ribeiro, Mário
Longatto-Filho, Adhemar
Santos, Lúcio
Data: 2012
Editora: Advances in Urology
Resumo: The most effective therapeutic option for managing nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC), over the last 30 years, consists of intravesical instillations with the attenuated strain Bacillus Calmette-Gu´erin (the BCG vaccine). This has been performed as an adjuvant therapeutic to transurethral resection of bladder tumour (TURBT) and mostly directed towards patients with highgrade tumours, T1 tumours, and in situ carcinomas. However, from 20% to 40% of the patients do not respond and frequently present tumour progression. Since BCG effectiveness is unpredictable, it is important to find consistent biomarkers that can aid either in the prediction of the outcome and/or side effects development. Accordingly, we conducted a systematic critical review to identify themost preeminent predictive molecular markers associated with BCG response. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first review exclusively focusing on predictive biomarkers for BCG treatment outcome. Using a specific query, 1324 abstracts were gathered, then inclusion/exclusion criteria were applied, and finally 87 manuscripts were included. Several molecules, including CD68 and genetic polymorphisms, have been identified as promising surrogate biomarkers. Combinatory analysis of the candidate predictive markers is a crucial step to create a predictive profile of treatment response.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.22/6047
DOI: 10.1155/2012/232609
Versão do Editor: http://www.hindawi.com/journals/au/2012/232609/abs/
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