Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.22/5320
Título: Effect of peel and seed removal on the nutritional value and antioxidant activity of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) fruits
Autor: Vinha, Ana F.
Alves, Rita C.
Barreira, Sérgio V. P.
Castro, Ana
Costa, Anabela S. G.
Oliveira, M. Beatriz P. P.
Palavras-chave: Tomato cultivars
Processing
Antioxidants
Phytochemicals
Data: Jan-2014
Editora: Elsevier
Relatório da Série N.º: LWT - Food Science and Technology;Vol. 55, Issue 1
Resumo: The effect of peel and seed removal, two commonly practiced procedures either at home or by the processing industry, on the physicochemical properties, bioactive compounds contents and antioxidant capacity of tomato fruits of four typical Portuguese cultivars (cereja, chucha, rama and redondo) were appraised. Both procedures caused significant nutritional and antioxidant activity losses in fruits of every cultivar. In general, peeling was more detrimental, since it caused a higher decrease in lycopene, bcarotene, ascorbic acid and phenolics contents (averages of 71%, 50%, 14%, and 32%, respectively) and significantly lowered the antioxidant capacity of the fruits (8% and 10%, using DPPH. and b-carotene linoleate model assays, correspondingly). Although seeds removal favored the increase of both color and sweetness, some bioactive compounds (11% of carotenoids and 24% of phenolics) as well as antioxidant capacity (5%) were loss. The studied cultivars were differently influenced by these procedures. The fruits most affected by peeling were those from redondo cultivar (-66% lycopene, -44% b-carotene, -26% ascorbic acid and -38% phenolics). Seeds removal, in turn, was more injurious for cereja tomatoes (-10% lycopene, -38% b-carotene, -25% ascorbic acid and -63% phenolics). Comparatively with the remaining ones, the rama fruits were less affected by the trimming procedures.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.22/5320
DOI: 10.1016/j.lwt.2013.07.016
Versão do Editor: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0023643813002661
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