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|Título:||Saccharomyces cerevisiae Mutants Affected in Vacuole Assembly or Vacuolar H+-ATPase are Hypersensitive to Lead (Pb) Toxicity|
|Autor:||Sousa, Cátia A.|
Perez, Rita R.
Soares, Eduardo V.
|Relatório da Série N.º:||Current Microbiology;Vol. 68, Issue 1|
|Resumo:||Lead is an important environmental pollutant. The role of vacuole, in Pb detoxification, was studied using a vacuolar protein sorting mutant strain (vps16D), belonging to class C mutants. Cells disrupted in VPS16 gene, did not display a detectable vacuolar-like structure. Based on the loss of cell proliferation capacity, it was found that cells from vps16D mutant exhibited a hypersensitivity to Pb-induced toxicity, compared to wild type (WT) strain. The function of vacuolar H?-ATPase (VATPase), in Pb detoxification, was evaluated using mutants with structurally normal vacuoles but defective in subunits of catalytic (vma1D or vma2D) or membrane domain (vph1D or vma3D) of V-ATPase. All mutants tested, lacking a functional V-ATPase, displayed an increased susceptibility to Pb, comparatively to cells from WT strain. Modification of vacuolar morphology, in Pb-exposed cells, was visualized using a Vma2p-GFP strain. The treatment of yeast cells with Pb originated the fusion of the medium size vacuolar lobes into one enlarged vacuole. In conclusion, it was found that vacuole plays an important role in the detoxification of Pb in Saccharomyces cerevisiae; in addition, a functional V-ATPase was required for Pb compartmentalization.|
|Versão do Editor:||http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00284-013-0438-y|
|Aparece nas colecções:||ISEP – CIETI – Artigos|
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