Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.22/5271
Título: Optimization of HS-SPME analytical conditions using factorial design for trihalomethanes determination in swimming pool water samples
Autor: Maia, Raquel
Correia, Manuela
Brás Pereira, Isabel M.
Beleza, Vitorino de Matos
Palavras-chave: Trihalomethanes
Indoor swimming pools
Optimization
HS-SPME
Data: Jan-2014
Editora: Elsevier
Relatório da Série N.º: Microchemical Journal;Vol. 112
Resumo: Trihalomethanes (THMs) are widely referred and studied as disinfection by-products (DBPs). The THMs that are most commonly detected are chloroform (TCM), bromodichloromethane (BDCM), chlorodibromomethane (CDBM), and bromoform (TBM). Several studies regarding the determination of THMs in swimming pool water and air samples have been published. This paper reviews the most recent work in this field, with a special focus on water and air sampling, sample preparation and analytical determination methods. An experimental study has been developed in order to optimize the headspace solid-phasemicroextraction (HS-SPME) conditions of TCM, BDCM, CDBM and TBM from water samples using a 23 factorial design. An extraction temperature of 45 °C, for 25min, and a desorption time of 5 min were found to be the best conditions. Analysis was performed by gas chromatography with an electron capture detector (GC-ECD). The method was successfully applied to a set of 27 swimming pool water samples collected in the Oporto area (Portugal). TCM was the only THM detected with levels between 4.5 and 406.5 μg L−1. Four of the samples exceeded the guideline value for total THMs in swimming pool water (100 μgL−1) indicated by the Portuguese Health Authority.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.22/5271
DOI: 10.1016/j.microc.2013.10.005
Versão do Editor: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0026265X13001975
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