Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.22/4182
Título: A simple approach to numerical modelling of propane combustion in fluidized beds
Autor: Ribeiro, Leonardo
Pinho, Carlos
Palavras-chave: Combustion
Fluidized beds
Data: 2008
Editora: Taylor & Francis
Relatório da Série N.º: Chemical Engineering Communications; Vol. 196, Issue 3
Resumo: A mathematical model is proposed for the evolution of temperature, chemical composition, and energy release in bubbles, clouds, and emulsion phase during combustion of gaseous premixtures of air and propane in a bubbling fluidized bed. The analysis begins as the bubbles are formed at the orifices of the distributor, until they explode inside the bed or emerge at the free surface of the bed. The model also considers the freeboard region of the fluidized bed until the propane is thoroughly burned. It is essentially built upon the quasi-global mechanism of Hautman et al. (1981) and the mass and heat transfer equations from the two-phase model of Davidson and Harrison (1963). The focus is not on a new modeling approach, but on combining the classical models of the kinetics and other diffusional aspects to obtain a better insight into the events occurring inside a fluidized bed reactor. Experimental data are obtained to validate the model by testing the combustion of commercial propane, in a laboratory-scale fluidized bed, using four sand particle sizes: 400–500, 315–400, 250–315, and 200–250 µm. The mole fractions of CO2, CO, and O2 in the flue gases and the temperature of the fluidized bed are measured and compared with the numerical results.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.22/4182
ISSN: 0098-6445
Versão do Editor: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00986440802359337#.UxhKis5qyZR
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