Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.22/3029
Título: Remediation of soils combining soil vapor extraction and bioremediation: benzene
Autor: Soares, António Alves
Albergaria, José Tomás
Domingues, Valentina F.
Alvim-Ferraz, Maria da Conceição M.
Delerue-Matos, Cristina
Palavras-chave: Benzene
Soil contamination
Soil vapor extraction
Data: 2010
Editora: Elsevier
Relatório da Série N.º: Chemosphere; Vol. 80, Issue 8
Resumo: This work reports the study of the combination of soil vapor extraction (SVE) with bioremediation (BR) to remediate soils contaminated with benzene. Soils contaminated with benzene with different water and natural organic matter contents were studied. The main goals were: (i) evaluate the performance of SVE regarding the remediation time and the process efficiency; (ii) study the combination of both technologies in order to identify the best option capable to achieve the legal clean up goals; and (iii) evaluate the influence of soil water content (SWC) and natural organic matter (NOM) on SVE and BR. The remediation experiments performed in soils contaminated with benzene allowed concluding that: (i) SVE presented (a) efficiencies above 92% for sandy soils and above 78% for humic soils; (b) and remediation times from 2 to 45 h, depending on the soil; (ii) BR showed to be an efficient technology to complement SVE; (iii) (a) SWC showed minimum impact on SVE when high airflow rates were used and led to higher remediation times for lower flow rates; (b) NOM as source of microorganisms and nutrients enhanced BR but hindered the SVE due the limitation on the mass transfer of benzene from the soil to the gas phase.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.22/3029
ISSN: 0045-6535
Versão do Editor: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0045653510007101#
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