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|Título:||Air pollution from traffic emissions in Oporto, Portugal: health and environmental implications|
Alvim-Ferraz, Maria da Conceição M.
Pereira, Maria do Carmo
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)
|Relatório da Série N.º:||Microchemical Journal; Vol. 99, Issue 1|
|Resumo:||Air pollution represents a serious risk not only to environment and human health, but also to historical heritage. In this study, air pollution of the Oporto Metropolitan Area and its main impacts were characterized. The results showed that levels of CO, PM10 and SO2 have been continuously decreasing in the respective metropolitan area while levels of NOx and NO2 have not changed significantly. Traffic emissions were the main source of the determined polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs; 16 PAHs considered by U.S. EPA as priority pollutants, dibenzo[a,l]pyrene and benzo[j]fluoranthene) in air of the respective metropolitan area. The mean concentration of 18 PAHs in air was 69.9±39.7 ng m−3 with 3–4 rings PAHs accounting for 75% of the total ΣPAHs. The health risk analysis of PAHs in air showed that the estimated values of lifetime lung cancer risks considerably exceeded the health-based guideline level. Analytical results also confirm that historical monuments in urban areas act as passive repositories for air pollutants present in the surrounding atmosphere. FTIR and EDX analyses showed that gypsum was the most important constituent of black crusts of the characterized historical monument Monastery of Serra do Pilar classified as “UNESCO World Cultural Heritage”. In black crusts, 4–6 rings compounds accounted approximately for 85% of ΣPAHs. The diagnostic ratios confirmed that traffic emissions were the major source of PAHs in black crusts; PAH composition profiles were very similar for crusts and PM10 and PM2.5.|
|Versão do Editor:||http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0026265X1100052X|
|Aparece nas colecções:||ISEP – GRAQ – Artigos|
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|ART_KlaraSlezakova_2011_GRAQ.pdf||1,24 MB||Adobe PDF||Ver/Abrir|
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