Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.22/3002
Título: Determination of polyphenols in wines by reaction with 4-aminoantipyrine and photometric flow-injection analysis
Autor: Schoonen, Jan W.
Sales, M. Goreti F.
Palavras-chave: Total polyphenols
Photometry
Wines
Flow injection and FIA
Data: 2002
Editora: Springer-Verlag
Relatório da Série N.º: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry; Vol. 372, Issue 7-8
Resumo: A new flow-injection analytical procedure is proposed for the determination of the total amount of polyphenols in wines; the method is based on the formation of a colored complex between 4-aminoantipyrine and phenols, in the presence of an oxidizing reagent. The oxidizing agents hexacyanoferrate(III), peroxodisulfate, and tetroxoiodate(VII) were tested. Batch trials were first performed to select appropriate oxidizing agents, pH, and concentration ratios of reagents, on the basis of their effect on the stability of the colored complex. Conditions selected as a result of these trials were implemented in a flow-injection analytical system in which the influence of injection volume, flow rate, and reaction- coil length, was evaluated. Under the optimum conditions the total amount of polyphenols, expressed as gallic acid, could be determined within a concentration range of 36 to 544 mg L–1, and with a sensitivity of 344 L mol–1 cm–1 and an RSD <1.1%. The reproducibility of analytical readings was indicative of standard deviations <2%. Interference from sugars, tartaric acid, ascorbic acid, methanol, ammonium sulfate, and potassium chloride was negligible. The proposed system was applied to the determination of total polyphenols in red wines, and enabled analysis of approximately 55 samples h–1. Results were usually precise and accurate; the RSD was <3.9% and relative errors, by the Folin–Ciocalteu method, <5.1%.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.22/3002
Versão do Editor: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00216-002-1267-1
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