Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.22/2980
Título: Outdoor and indoor benzene evaluation by GC-FID and GC-MS/MS
Autor: Sousa, José A.
Domingues, Valentina F.
Rosas, Mónica S.
Ribeiro, Susana
Alvim-Ferraz, Maria da Conceição M.
Palavras-chave: Benzene
Gas station
Outdoor
Indoor
GC-MS/MS
Data: 2011
Editora: Taylor & Francis
Relatório da Série N.º: Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A; Vol. 46, Issue 2
Resumo: The evaluation of benzene in different environments such as indoor (with and without tobacco smoke), a city area, countryside, gas stations and near exhaust pipes from cars running on different types of fuels was performed. The samples were analyzed using gas chromatography (GC) with flame ionization detection (FID) and tandem mass spectrometric detection (MS/MS) (to confirm the identification of benzene in the air samples). Operating conditions for the GC-MS analysis were optimized as well as the sampling and sample preparation. The results obtained in this work indicate that i) the type of fuel directly influences the benzene concentration in the air. Gasoline with additives provided the highest amount of benzene followed by unleaded gasoline and diesel; ii) the benzene concentration in the gas station was always higher than the advisable limit established by law (5 μg m−3) and during the unloading of gasoline the achieved concentration was 8371 μg m−3; iii) the data from the countryside (Taliscas) and the urban city (Matosinhos) were below 5 μg m−3 except 5 days after a fire on a petroleum refinery plant located near the city; iv) it was proven that in coffee shops where smoking is allowed the benzene concentration is higher (6 μg m−3) than in coffee shops where this is forbidden (4 μg m−3). This method may also be helpful for environmental analytical chemists who use GC-MS/MS for the confirmation or/and quantification of benzene.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.22/2980
ISSN: 1093-4529
1532-4117
Versão do Editor: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10934529.2011.532435?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub%3dpubmed#.UoyMwH9qyZQ
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