Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.22/2959
Título: Determination of carbamate and urea pesticide residues in fresh vegetables using microwave-assisted extraction and liquid chromatography
Autor: Paíga, Paula
Morais, Simone
Correia, Manuela
Delerue-Matos, Cristina
Alves, Arminda
Palavras-chave: Pesticides
Carbamates
Ureas
Microwave-assisted extraction
Liquid chromatographyliquid chromatography
Vegetables
Data: 2009
Editora: Taylor & Francis
Relatório da Série N.º: International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry; Vol. 89, Issue 3
Resumo: An analytical multiresidue method for the simultaneous determination of seven pesticides in fresh vegetable samples, namely, courgette (Cucurbita pepo), cucumber (Cucumis sativus), lettuce (Lactuca sativa, Romaine and Iceberg varieties) and peppers (Capsicum sp.) is described. The procedure, based on microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) and analysis by liquid chromatography– photodiode array (LC–PDA) detection was applied to four carbamates (carbofuran, carbaryl, chlorpropham and EPTC) and three urea pesticides (monolinuron, metobromuron and linuron). Extraction solvent and the addition of anhydrous sodium sulphate to fresh vegetable homogenate before MAE were the parameters optimised for each commodity. Recovery studies were performed using spiked samples in the range 250–403 µgkg- 1 in each pesticide. The pesticide residues were extracted using 20mL acetonitrile at 60 ºC, for 10 min. Acceptable recoveries and RSDs were attained (overall average recovery of 77.2% and RSDs are lower than 11%). Detection limits ranged between 5.8 µgkg- 1 for carbaryl to 12.3 µgkg- 1 for carbofuran. The analytical protocol was applied for quality control of 41 fresh vegetable samples bought in Oporto Metropolitan Area (North Portugal). None of the samples contained any detectable amounts of the studied compounds.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.22/2959
ISSN: 0306–7319
1029–0397
Versão do Editor: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03067310802526993#.UotGtX9qyZQ
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