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|Título:||Determination of tartaric acid in wines by FIA with tubular tartrate-selective electrodes|
|Autor:||Sales, M. Goreti F.|
Amaral, Carolina E. L.
|Relatório da Série N.º:||Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry; Vol. 369, Issue 5|
|Resumo:||A flow injection analysis (FIA) system comprising a tartrate- (TAT) selective electrode has been developed for determination of tartaric acid in wines. Several electrodes constructed for this purpose had a PVC membrane with a complex of quaternary ammonium and TAT as anion exchanger, a phenol derivative as additive, and a more or less polar mediator solvent. Characterization of the electrodes showed behavior was best for membranes with o-nitrophenyl octyl ether as solvent. On injection of 500 μL into a phosphate buffer carrier (pH = 3.1; ionic strength 10–2 mol/L) flowing at 3 mL/min, the slope was 58.06 ± 0.6 with a lower limit of linear range of 5.0 × 10–4 mol/L TAT and R2 = 0.9989. The interference of several species, e.g. chloride, bromide, iodide, nitrate, gallic acid, tannin, sucrose, glucose, fructose, acetate, and citrate, was evaluated in terms of potentiometric selectivity coefficients. The Hofmeister series was followed for inorganic species and the most interfering organic ion was citrate. When red and white wines were analyzed and the results compared with those from an independent method they were found to be accurate, with relative standard deviations below 5.0%.|
|Versão do Editor:||http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s002160000665|
|Aparece nas colecções:||ISEP – GRAQ – Artigos|
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|ART_MSales_2001_GRAQ.pdf||332,61 kB||Adobe PDF||Ver/Abrir|
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