Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.22/2891
Título: Copper, nickel and zinc removal by peanut hulls: batch and column studies in mono, tri-component systems and with real effluent
Autor: Oliveira, F. D.
Soares, A. D.
Freitas, Olga M.
Figueiredo, Sónia Adriana
Palavras-chave: Biosorption
Fixed-bed column
Metal removal
Peanut hulls
Real industrial effluent
Data: 2010
Editora: Global NEST Journal
Relatório da Série N.º: Global NEST Journal; Vol.12, Issue 2
Resumo: The main goal of this research study was the removal of Cu(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) from aqueous solutions using peanut hulls. This work was mainly focused on the following aspects: chemical characterization of the biosorbent, kinetic studies, study of the pH influence in mono-component systems, equilibrium isotherms and column studies, both in mono and tri-component systems, and with a real industrial effluent from the electroplating industry. The chemical characterization of peanut hulls showed a high cellulose (44.8%) and lignin (36.1%) content, which favours biosorption of metal cations. The kinetic studies performed indicate that most of the sorption occurs in the first 30 min for all systems. In general, a pseudo-second order kinetics was followed, both in mono and tri-component systems. The equilibrium isotherms were better described by Freundlich model in all systems. Peanut hulls showed higher affinity for copper than for nickel and zinc when they are both present. The pH value between 5 and 6 was the most favourable for all systems. The sorbent capacity in column was 0.028 and 0.025 mmol g-1 for copper, respectively in mono and tri-component systems. A decrease of capacity for copper (50%) was observed when dealing with the real effluent. The Yoon-Nelson, Thomas and Yan’s models were fitted to the experimental data, being the latter the best fit.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.22/2891
Versão do Editor: https://gnest-journal.aegean.gr/journal/volume-12_issue-2
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