Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.22/2180
Título: Natural organic matter fractionation along the treatment of water for human consumption
Autor: Vieira, R. F.
Berenguel, A. T.
Silva, M. A.
Vilaça, J. S.
Domingues, Valentina F.
Figueiredo, Sónia Adriana
Palavras-chave: Dissolved organic carbon (DOC)
Chemical fractionation
Ion exchange resins
Natural organic matter (NOM)
Specific ultraviolet absorbance (SUVA)
Water treatment
Data: 2012
Editora: Global NEST
Relatório da Série N.º: Global NEST Journal; Vol. 14, Issue 4
Resumo: The main objective of this study was to characterize the organic matter present in raw water and along the treatment process, as well as its seasonal variation. A natural organic matter fractionation approach has been applied to Lever water treatment plant located in Douro River, in Oporto (Portugal). The process used was based on the sorption of dissolved organic matter in different types of ion exchange resins, DAX-8, DAX-4 and IRA-958, allowing its separation into four fractions: very hydrophobic acids (VHA), slightly hydrophobic acids (SHA), charged hydrophilic (CHA) and hydrophilic neutral (NEU). The dissolved organic carbon (DOC) determination was used to quantify dissolved organic matter. Samples were collected monthly, during approximately one year, from raw water captured at the surface and under the bed of the river, and after each step of the treatment: pre-filtration in sand/anthracite filters, ozonation, coagulation/flocculation, counter current dissolved air flotation and filtration (CoCoDAFF) and chlorination. The NEU fraction showed a seasonal variation, with maximum values in autumn for the sampling points corresponding to raw water captured at the surface and under the bed of the river. It was usually the predominating fraction and did not show a significant decrease throughout the treatment. Nevertheless their low concentration, the same occurred for the CHA and VHA fractions. There was an overall decrease in the SHA fraction throughout the water treatment (especially after CoCoDAFF and ozonation) as well as in the DOC. The TSUVA254 values obtained for raw water generally varied between 2.0 and 4.0 L mgC-1 m-1 and between 0.75 and 1.78 L mgC-1 m-1 for treated water. It was observed a decrease of TSUVA values along the treatment, especially after ozonation. These results may contribute to a further optimization in the process of treating water for human consumption.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.22/2180
ISSN: 1790-7632
Versão do Editor: http://journal.gnest.org/?q=journal/volume-14/issue-4
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