Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.22/2023
Título: Basic dyestuffs removal from textile effluents using feathers: equilibrium, kinetic and column studies
Autor: Sousa, J.
Freitas, Olga M.
Figueiredo, Sónia Adriana
Palavras-chave: Basic dyes
Column
Equilibrium
Kinetics
Low cost materials
Sorption
Wastewater
Data: 2012
Editora: Global NEST
Relatório da Série N.º: Global NEST Journal; Vol. 14, Issue 1
Resumo: This research work has been focused in the study of gallinaceous feathers, a waste that may be valorised as sorbent, to remove the Dark Blue Astrazon 2RN (DBA) from Dystar. This study was focused on the following aspects: optimization of experimental conditions through factorial design methodology, kinetic studies into a continuous stirred tank adsorber (at pH 7 and 20ºC), equilibrium isotherms (at pH 5, 7 and 9 at 20 and 45ºC) and column studies (at 20ºC, at pH 5, 7 and 9). In order to evaluate the influence of the presence of other components in the sorption of the dyestuff, all experiments were performed both for the dyestuff in aqueous solution and in real textile effluent. The pseudo-first and pseudo-second order kinetic models were fitted to the experimental data, being the latter the best fit for the aqueous solution of dyestuff. For the real effluent both models fit the experimental results and there is no statistical difference between them. The Central Composite Design (CCD) was used to evaluate the effects of temperature (15 - 45ºC) and pH (5 - 9) over the sorption in aqueous solution. The influence of pH was more significant than temperature. The optimal conditions selected were 45ºC and pH 9. Both Langmuir and Freundlich models could fit the equilibrium data. In the concentration range studied, the highest sorbent capacity was obtained for the optimal conditions in aqueous solution, which corresponds to a maximum capacity of 47± 4 mg g-1. The Yoon-Nelson, Thomas and Yan’s models fitted well the column experimental data. The highest breakthrough time for 50% removal, 170 min, was obtained at pH 9 in aqueous solution. The presence of the dyeing agents in the real wastewater decreased the sorption of the dyestuff mostly for pH 9, which is the optimal pH. The effect of pH is less pronounced in the real effluent than in aqueous solution. This work shows that feathers can be used as sorbent in the treatment of textile wastewaters containing DBA.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.22/2023
ISSN: 1790-7632
Versão do Editor: http://journal.gnest.org/papers/%22Basic%20dyestuffs%20removal%20from%20textile%20effluents%20using%20feathers%3A%20equilibrium,%20kinetic%20and%20column%20studies%22
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