Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.22/2007
Título: Steroselective synthesis of imidazolidin-4-ones from α-amino amides of the antimalarial primaquine and substituted benzaldehydes
Autor: Ferraz, Ricardo
Gomes, José R. B.
Passo, Joana
Oliveira, Eliandre
Moreira, Rui
Gomes, Paula
Data: 2006
Editora: Instituto Politécnico do Porto. Escola Superior de Tecnologia da Saúde do Porto
Universidade do Porto. Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade do Porto
Universidade do Porto. Faculdade de Farmácia da Universidade do Porto
Barcelona Science Park
Resumo: Imidazolidin-4-ones are commonly employed as skeletal modifications in bioactive oligopeptides, either as proline surrogates or for protection of the N-terminal amino acid against aminopeptidase-catalysed hydrolysis . We have been working on the synthesis of imidazolidin-4-ones of the antimalarial primaquine , through acylation of primaquine with an α-amino acid and subsequent reaction of the resulting α-aminoamide with a ketone or aldehyde. Thus, when using racemic primaquine, an optically pure chiral α-amino acid and an aldehyde as starting materials, four imidazolidin-4-one diastereomers are to be expected (Scheme 1). However, we have recently observed that imidazolidin-4-one synthesis was stereoselective when 2-carboxybenzaldehyde (2CBA)* was used, as only two diastereomers were produced2. Computational studies have shown that the imine formed prior to ring closure had, for structures derived from 2CBA, a quasi-cyclic rigid structure2. This rigid conformation is stabilized by an intramolecular hydrogen bond involving the C=O oxygen atom of the 2-carboxyl substituent in 2CBA and the N-H group of the α-amino amide moiety2. These findings led us to postulate that the 2-carbonyl substituent in the benzaldehyde moiety was the key for the stereoselective synthesis of the imidazolidin-4-ones2.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.22/2007
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