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|Título:||Activation timing of soleus and tibialis anterior muscles during sit-to-stand and stand to sit in post-stroke vs healthy subjects|
Sousa, Andreia S. P.
Pinheiro, Ana Rita
Tavares, João Manuel
|Relatório da Série N.º:||Somatosensory and Motor Research; Vol. 30, Nº 1|
|Resumo:||Introduction: Sit-to-stand (SitTS) and stand-to-sit (StandTS) are very important functional tasks that become compromised in stroke patients. As in other voluntary movements, they require an adequate postural control (PC) involving the generation of anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs). In order to give clues for more efficient and directed rehabilitation programs, a deeper knowledge about APAs during challenging and daily life movements is essential. Purpose: To analyze the activation timing of tibialis anterior (TA) and soleus (SOL) muscles during SitTS and StandTS in healthy subjects and in post-stroke patients. Methods: Two groups participated in this study: one composed by ten healthy subjects and the other by ten subjects with history of stroke and increased H-reflex. Electromyographic activity (EMGa) of SOL and TA was analyzed during SitTS and StandTS in the ipsilateral (IPSI) and the contralateral (CONTRA) limb to the side lesion in stroke subjects, and in one limb in the healthy subjects. A force plate was used to identify the movement onset. Results: In both sequences, in the stroke group SOL activation timing occurred prior to movement onset, contrary to the pattern observed in the healthy subjects. Statistical significant differences were found in SOL activation timings between each lower limbs of the stroke and healthy groups, but no significant differences were found between the IPSI and the CONTRA limb. The TA activation timing seems to be delayed in the CONTRA limb when compared to the healthy subjects and showed also a better organization of TA timing activation in StandTS when compared to SitTS. Conclusion: Compared to healthy subjects, APAs seems to be altered in both limbs of the post-stroke subjects, with the SOL activation timing being anticipated in both SitTS and StandTS.|
|Descrição:||O documento em anexo encontra-se na versão post-print (versão corrigida pelo editor).|
|Versão do Editor:||http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.3109/08990220.2012.754755|
|Aparece nas colecções:||ESTSP - CEMAH - Artigos|
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