Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.22/1119
Título: Biochemical and structural characterization of β-lactamases tem-180 and tem-201
Autor: Pimenta, António
Orientador: Sousa, Irina
Fernandes, Rúben
Amador, Paula
Data de Defesa: 2012
Editora: Instituto Politécnico do Porto. Escola Superior de Tecnologia da Saúde do Porto
Resumo: With the constant development of new antibiotics, selective pressure is a force to reckon when investigating antibiotic resistance. Although advantageous for medical treatments, it leads to increasing resistance. It is essential to use more potent and toxic antibiotics. Enzymes capable of hydrolyzing antibiotics are among the most common ways of resistance and TEM variants have been detected in several resistant isolates. Due to the rapid evolution of these variants, complex phenotypes have emerged and the need to understand their biological activity becomes crucial. To investigate the biochemical properties of TEM-180 and TEM-201 several computational methodologies have been used, allowing the comprehension of their structure and catalytic activity, which translates into their biological phenotype. In this work we intent to characterize the interface between these proteins and the several antibiotics used as ligands. We performed explicit solvent molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of these complexes and studied a variety of structural and energetic features. The interfacial residues show a distinct behavior when in complex with different antibiotics. Nevertheless, it was possible to identify some common Hot Spots among several complexes – Lys73, Tyr105 and Glu166. The structural changes that occur during the Molecular Dynamic (MD) simulation lead to the conclusion that these variants have an inherent capacity of adapting to the various antibiotics. This capability might be the reason why they can hydrolyze antibiotics that have not been described until now to be degraded by TEM variants. The results obtained with computational and experimental methodologies for the complex with Imipenem have shown that in order to this type of enzymes be able to acylate the antibiotics, they need to be capable to protect the ligand from water molecules.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.22/1119
Aparece nas colecções:ESTSP - DM - Tecnologia Bioquímica em Saúde

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